What is HbA1c?
HbA1c stands for Glycated or Glycosylated Hemoglobin Concentration. The process in which Glucose Molecules attached with Hemoglobin.
What is the diagnostic importance of HbA1c test?
- The HbA1c results show how effective is the medications you are using for the treatment of diabetes.
- This test measures your blood sugar over the last two to three months.
- If your HbA1c levels are normal so you can avoid other diseases caused by diabetes. uncontrolled Diabetes affects the Kidneys, liver, eyes, and other parts of the body, but if HbA1c levels are kept normal you can avoid other diseases caused by diabetes
What are the references ranges of HbA1c? (Hba1c Normal Range)
HbA1c level less than 5.7% is considered normal. HbA1c levels from 5.7% to 6.7% are considered prediabetes. Prediabetes is a slightly increase of sugar than normal, if not treated or controlled can lead to type 2 diabetes. HbA1c levels greater than 6.4% is considered Diabetic.
What specimen will be taken for HbA1c test?
Collect 3 to 5 ml blood in EDTA tube up to the black mark. Mix the blood and the test will be run from whole blood.
What are the causes of Increased HbA1c?
1) Diabetes mellitus
2) Poor controlled diabetes
3) Corticosteroid Treatment: Corticosteroids are steroidal medicines used to decrease inflammation. but its continuous use causes Insulin resistance. What is Insulin Resistance? Insulin resistance is when cells in your muscles, fat, and liver don't respond well to insulin and can't use glucose from your blood for energy.
4) Physical inactivity also increased the chances of high HbA1c levels in the blood, due to lack of exercise and lots of food intake without physical activity.
5) History of heart disease is also concerned with increased HbA1c levels in the blood.
6) Obesity can increase the chances of high HbA1c levels in the blood.
7) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Also cause high HbA1c levels in the blood. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder of women, common in reproductive age. They have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid (follicles) and fail to regularly release eggs. So research data showed that polycystic ovary syndrome increases insulin resistance. will lead to hyperglycemia and high HbA1c in the blood.
8) Cushing Syndrome: Also causes high HbA1c levels in the blood due to the production of cortisol which produces insulin resistance.
What are the causes of Low HbA1c?
1) Hemorrhage 2) Hemolytic Anemia 3) Increased use of diabetic medicines. 4) People following a strict diet plan.
What is the Cost of Hba1c test? And is a home blood Sample collection facility available?
Yes. Hba1c test Home Sample collection Facility is available. And you can book this test by below link
Also, there are many health packages also which Have this HBa1c test